As of January 2021, around 1.82 million people are living in Fukushima Prefecture.
Following the accident, most towns and villages in close proximity to the power station were placed under evacuation orders. However, these orders have been gradually lifted. Some Difficult-to-Return Zones remain, where entry is restricted, but these only account for around 2.4% of the total area of Fukushima Prefecture. Decontamination work to remove radioactive material has been ongoing, and it is now complete in all areas expect for these remaining Difficult-to-Return Zones.
With the lifting of evacuation orders, municipalities are coordinating community development initiatives, and people are returning to their homes.